Aqda is a desert village in Yazd which has tourist attractions worth visiting.
Where is Aqda?
Aqda is a city in the north of Yazd, located in the middle of the Naein-to-Ardakan road. Aqda is a subordinate city of Ardakan County.
Architecture of Aqda
The architecture of the old Aqda village in Ardakan, resembles the historical and traditional texture of Yazd, with backstreets full of adobe and mud houses. The most important characteristic of this historical texture is that it includes successive architectures of different historical periods, from Muzaffarids to the contemporary era, representing the old date of civilization in this city. The existence of Chaparkhaneh in this city goes back to the Ilkhanate period.
Among the tourist attractions of Aqda, is Qaleh-ye Khorgushi Caravanserai. There is a desert on the south-east of the old village of Aqda and the southern side of Gavkhuni Wetland, known as Khorgushi desert. The Qaleh-ye Khorgushi Caravanserai was built in this desert in the Safavid period. At that time, the desert was on Yazd-Isfahan road.
In the old times, Aqda - which back then was a big village - was surrounded by a man-built fence. Today, nothing remains of this fence except for its gateway and a few other parts. The gate, named “The Big Aqda Gate”, consists of two cylindrical towers set side-by-side, which are connected to each other at the top. Machicolations have been designed on the towers’ walls, to target the invaders.
Aqda Central Mosque
Aqda Central Mosque was built by Asia Bibi, daughter of Mohammad Aqdaei, in 840 AH (1436 CE). The mosque has a Shelter and a summer Iwan. The summer Iwan has been built in the recent decades. Above the mihrab, on a plaster wall, a star-shaped tile is installed (that of the 8th century AH. type), with flower patterns in the middle and poems on the sides.
Ab Anbar (Water Reservoir)
Like other parts of the Yazd province, drinking water and water required for other domestic uses used to be provided from Ab Anbars (Water reservoirs). These reservoirs were often built and dedicated to residents by philanthropists, and were also named after the philanthropist. An example is Haj Mahmood Ab Anbar, built by a philanthropist of the same name.
Adqa Islamic School
Adjoning the Bazaar, Adqa Islamic (Theology) School is a building of adobe and mud. Inside the building, however, there are also brick views. The school’s entry consists of a brick vestibule with five platforms, designed in remembrance of The Noble Five (Panj Tan e Aal al-Aba). The whole building is in the form of a square. There used to be a big pool built in the ground, which was transformed into a garden a few years ago. The classes and scholar chambers are built symmetrically on the four sides of the building. On the south of the building, there is a big room with a medium-sized windcatcher and a small mihrab in the middle.
The Ribat of Haji Abolqasem Rashti
Aqda’s Ribat of Haji Abolqasem Rashti, along with the Ab Anbar built across from it, makes a beautiful compound that is, without a doubt, designed by architects who have been inspired by caravansarais in the style of Zavareh. The whole plan of the building, however, is in the style of the carvansarais of the Safavid period. Aqda Caravansarai and Rashti Ab Anbar are located in Ardakan County, at the entrance of Aqda village. Haji Abolqasem Tajer Rashti, a merchant living in Yazd and the founder of numerous buildings (around 1255 AH/1839), built this caravanserai in 1262 AH (1846 CE).